Indonesian Diplomacy in the Russia - Ukraine Conflict: A Study on Soft-Power

Diplomasi Indonesia dalam Konflik Rusia - Ukraina: Sebuah Kajian Tentang Soft-Power

  • Dinda Tulus Tiara Jurusan Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Syasya Yuania Fadila Mas'udi Jurusan Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
Keywords: Diplomacy, Soft Power, World Peace


The Russia-Ukraine conflict has a negative impact on global stability, thus triggering crises in various countries. Conflict conditions that have not subsided, making Indonesia take the initiative to carry out a peace mission through President Joko Widodo who visited Ukraine and Russia, to become a communication bridge between the two countries. This study aims to explain the reasons why Indonesia carried out a peace mission against the Russia-Ukraine conflict. The research used a qualitative explanatory method, with library research data collection techniques, as well as qualitative analysis techniques. Besides that, it also uses Soft Power Theory, and the Concept of First Track Diplomacy. The results obtained were that Indonesia used first-track diplomacy instruments in the Russian-Ukrainian conflict peace mission, which can be seen from the use of dialogue, negotiation and cooperation between countries, thereby opening up opportunities for peace between countries. In addition, behind the peace mission, Indonesia has economic interests, forms a positive image, and prepares to launch the agenda for the upcoming G20 summit. This phenomenon is in line with the goal of Soft Power Indonesia, which is to improve the security of the external environment by projecting a peaceful and attractive image of the country by using its Soft Resources as Host & Chair of the G20 Summit. This study builds on previous studies, because the results obtained enrich the study of the development of the Russia-Ukarina conflict, especially when viewed from the perspective of soft power.


Download data is not yet available.


Asmara, C. G. (2022, Juni 30). Simak! Ini Dia Hasil Lengkap Pertemuan Jokowi-Zelensky. Retrieved from CNBC Indonesia:

Bank Indonesia. (2022). Presidensi G20 Indonesia 2022. Bank Indonesia.

BBC News Indonesia. (2022). G20: Negara Barat ancam boikot KTT G20, upaya lobi Indonesia “diragukan berhasil” dan diminta “tetap netral.” BBC News Indonesia.

Ben Hassen, T., & El Bilali, H. (2022). Impacts of the Russia-Ukraine War on Global Food Security: Towards More Sustainable and Resilient Food Systems? Foods, 11(15), 2301.

Bercovitch, J., & Langley, J. (1993). The Nature of the Dispute and the Effectiveness of International Mediation. The Journal of Conflict Resolution, 37(4), 670–691.

Buddhavarapu, R. (2022). Jokowi says rising food prices are dangerous and put developing nations like Indonesia at risk. CNBC.

Bungin, B. (2010). Metodologi Penelitian Kuantitatif: Edisi Kedua (Ed. 1, cet. 5 ed.). Jakarta: Kencana.

CNN Indonesia. (2022). Jokowi Temui Zelensky , Bawa Bantuan Kemanusiaan untuk Ukraina. CNN INdonesia.

Diamond, L., & McDonald, J. (1996). Multi-Track Diplomacy: A Systems Approach to Peace (3rd ed.). Kumarian Press Book.

Fadel, M. (2022). Menelisik Peluang Keberhasilan Jokowi Mendamaikan Rusia dan Ukraina. Sekretariat Jenderal MPR RI.

Falahi, Z. (2022). The Ukraine Crisis: An Offer of Conflict Resolution and Its Impact on Global Economy. Info Singkat Bidang Hubungan Internasional, 7–12.

FISIP UI. (2022). Dosen Hubungan Internasional Dalam Diskusi Publik Dampak Konflik Rusia-Ukraina terhadap Presidensi G20 di Indonesia. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Indonesia.

Hanifah, S. (2022). Invasi Rusia ke Ukraina Bisa Membuat Pecinta Mi Sengsara, Harus Bagaimana? Open Data Jabar.

Pebrianto, F. (2022). Jokowi ke Rusia dan Ukraina, Guru Besar UI: RI Tak Punya Kekuatan Memaksa Damai. Tempo.

Ho, Y. (2022). Putin Offers Russian Railways Investment in New Indonesia Capital. Bloomberg Asia.

Humas Kemensetneg. (2022). Presiden Jokowi Bahas Solusi Damai Perang Rusia-Ukraina dengan Sejumlah Pemimpin Negara. Kementerian Sekretariat Negara.

Katriana. (2022, Juli 3). Indonesian peace mission on Russia-Ukraine conflict. Retrieved from Bloomberg:

Kementerian Luar Negeri RI. (2022a). Bertemu dengan Presiden Putin, Presiden Jokowi: Indonesia Siap Menjembatani Komunikasi Rusia-Ukraina. Kementerian Luar Negeri RI.

Kementerian Luar Negeri RI. (2022b). President Jokowi: The Visit to Ukraine Shows Indonesia’s Concern for Ukraine. Kementerian Luar Negeri RI.

Lee, G. (2009, June). A Theory of Soft Power and Korea’s Soft Power Strategy. Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 2(2), 205-218.

Mankoff, J. (2022). Russia’s War in Ukraine: Identity, History, and Conflict. In Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) (Issue May).

Mantong, A. W., & Kembara, G. (2022). Indonesia’s G20 Presidency and the War in Ukraine. Retrieved from Istituto Affari Internazionali:

Mapendere, J. (2016). Track One and a Half Diplomacy and the Complementarity of Tracks. Culture of Peace Online Journal, 2(1), 66–81.

Mas'oed, M. (1990). Ilmu Hubungan Internasional Disiplin dan Metodologi. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Mbah, R. E., & Wasum, D. (2022). Russian-Ukraine 2022 War: A Review of the Economic Impact of Russian-Ukraine Crisis on the USA, UK, Canada, and Europe. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 9(3), 144–153.

Moerdijat, L. (2022). Kedepankan Pertimbangan Kemanusiaan untuk Upayakan Perdamaian pada Krisis Rusia-Ukraina. Sekretariat Jenderal MPR RI.

Nagy, S., & Kim, P. (2022). Ukraine-Russia War : A prelude to a post-Western international order ?.

Nucterlain, D. E. (1976). National Interests and Foreign Policy: A Conceptual Framework for Analysis and Decision-Making. British Journal of International Studies, 2(3), 246-266.

Primadhyta, S. (2022). Harga Pupuk NPK Diprediksi Naik Imbas Perang Rusia-Ukraina. CNN Indonesia.

Junaedi, J. (2022). The Impact of the Russia-Ukraine War on the Indonesian Economy. Journal of Social Commerce, 2(2), 71–81.

Quader, A. K. M. A. (2003). Natural gas and the fertilizer industry. Energy for Sustainable Development, 7(2), 40–48.

Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia. (2022). Presiden Jokowi: Kunjungan ke Ukraina Wujud Kepedulian Indonesia untuk Ukraina. Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia.

Stanzel, V. (2018). New Realities in Foreign Affairs: Diplomacy in the 21st Century. Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP) Research Paper 11.

Strangio, S. (2022). Indonesia’s President Jokowi to Visit Russia, Ukraine: Report. The Diplomat.

Storey, I., & Choong, W. (2022). Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine : Southeast Asian Responses and Why the Conflict Matters to the Region. In Perspective ISEAS Yusof Ishak Institute (Issue 24).

Sweijs, T., & Bertolini, M. (2022). How Wars End War Terminations: Insights for the Russia-Ukraine War (Issue 1).

Teslova, E. (2022). Putin accepts invitation to G20 summit in Indonesia. Anadolu Agency.

UN Global Crisis Group. (2022). Global impact of war in Ukraine: Energy crisis (Issue 3).

Wibowo, E. A. (2022). Jokowi ke Rusia dan Ukraina , Guru Besar UI : RI Miliki Kekuatan Moral Hentikan Perang. Tempo.Co.

Wehrenfennig, D. (2008). Multi-Track Diplomacy and Human Security. Human Security Journal, 7(Summer), 80–89.

Wicaksana, K. S., Ramadhan, R. F., Sujaka, M. ’Azza, & Prasojo, A. S. A. ayubi. (2022). The Effect of the Russia-Ukraine Crisis on Price Fluctuations and Trade in Energy Sector in Indonesia. Jurnal Nasional Pengelolaan Energi MigasZoom, 4(1), 6–18.

How to Cite
Tiara, D., & Mas’udi, S. (2023). Indonesian Diplomacy in the Russia - Ukraine Conflict: A Study on Soft-Power. Journal of Political Issues, 4(2), 74-88.