US – Iran Proxy War in Middle East Under Trump Administration

  • Hino Samuel Jose Department of International Relations, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
  • Laode Muhamad Fathun Department of International Relations, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
Keywords: Conflict, Iran, Proxy War, Regional Security


The heated bilateral relation between Iran and the United States has brought the middle east into another level of problem. The divided geopolitical and regional interest of both countries has led to several and many multidimensional issues, ranging from political, security, and even to economic ones. This article discussed the Iran – US tension on their proxy conflict in the Middle East. This article employs the Regional Security Complex Theory to construct the events related to both states’ proxy conflicts. The polarized region for sure has drawn another line that seems to be more complexed for both countries to achieve mutual understanding and continued peacebuilding. The US withdrawal from JCPOA, killing of Soleimani, and Saudi Arabia – Iran Yemen proxy war exacerbated the status quo. This article perceived that the intertwined issues show how the traditional thought of security should be redefined as both countries try to gain bargaining power. Especially with Iran that was hindered very much by sanctions and embargo placed by the US. This article discusses many important issues on Iran, US, and Saudi Arabia involvement and their correlated dynamics within the UN. This article analyzed Trump’s leadership style in the Middle East and its implication from the proxy war to the Middle East security architecture.


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Author Biographies

Hino Samuel Jose, Department of International Relations, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta

is a penultimate year undergraduate of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta. He is minoring in International Security and Global Development studies

Laode Muhamad Fathun, Department of International Relations, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta

is currently a lecturer at the Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta. He earned his master's degree in International Relations from Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.


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How to Cite
Jose, H., & Fathun, L. (2021). US – Iran Proxy War in Middle East Under Trump Administration. Journal of Political Issues, 3(1), 36-48.